Oslo is a city whose history can be traced back over centuries. Snorre Sturlason the historian has chronicled that Oslo was founded by King Harald Hardâde in 1048. Oslo was dethroned from it’s status as capital of Norway when Norway became a part of the Danish-Norwegian union from 1348-1814. Norway achieved independence from the Danes on the 17th of May in 1814. This day is celebrated with much pomp and glory all over the country now. Independence Day is a big celebration for the people of Oslo as well. This vibrant and cosmopolitan city is also the locale for the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize every year.
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany and the Hamburg Harbor is its principal port. Hamburg is the second busiest seaport in Europe and a major commercial, industrial, and cultural center. Hamburg is situated on the tip of the Jutland Peninsula, centered between Continental Europe and Scandinavia and also between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. The city center is set around two lakes, the Binnenalster (Inner Alster) and the Aussenalster (Outer Alster).
The German city of Leipzig is located on the union of three rivers the Pleiße, the White Elster and the Pathe. Leipzig is located in the state of Saxony in Germany .The name Leipzig is derived from the Slavic word lipsk which when translated means ‘settlement of Linden Trees’.
The capital of the Republic of Korea, Seoul is divided by the Han River, which flows from east to west toward the Yellow Sea port city of Incheon, and about 40 km from the North Korean border, also known as the demilitarized zone.
For this Singapore is often termed ‘the fine city’. One can purchase t-shirts from the souvenir stores which poke fun at the various fines which are imposed on the general public. Singapore today however is trying hard to shake off this stodgy image.
Copenhagen, the charming capital city of Denmark is located on the Oresund Strait. The city apart from being well known for its landmarks such as the Little Mermaid and the Tivoli gardens is renowned for its cutting edge design development in the fields of industrial and product designs. The Danes have also been in the news in recent times for the controversy surrounding a Danish cartoon published in a local newspaper which seemed to offend the sensibilities of the Muslim community the world over. The Danes today are known as world leaders in wind farming technology. The environmentally conscious and ecologically aware Danish government is making a concentrated effort to reduce the emissions of green house gasses as well.
The emirate has a rich history which dates back to the Bronze Age. It was the cradle of the various Arab civilizations which can trace their history to the Ubaid period around 5000-3800 BC. RAK was previously known as Julfar. Today the district of Julfar houses the biggest pharmaceutical factory in the Gulf. RAK was an important epicenter for the global pearl trade until the 20th Century when the pearl trade lost its luster .The bulk of the trade was with China and India .The British who occupied the area for much of the 19th Century utilized Ras al Khaimah to control shipping routes to and fro from India.
The capital of the emirate is Umm al Qawain city. This is the home of the ruler and the commercial and administrative capital. The city has the main seaport and the Marine research institute which charts the development of the fisheries of the emirate. Umm al Qawain is located on a lagoon formed by a narrow peninsula on the west and some islands on the east. This lagoon called Khor al Bediah is well known for its sailing and bird watching sites. The emirate is also renowned for its pristine beaches which dot the long coastline though the emirate which covers only 777 square kilometers is tiny compared to the others.