- By Ira B.
- Published 09/30/2007
An insignificant village, cradled between the Gangetic delta and the River Hoogly, Kolkata was transformed into an important port and trading centre when the British shifted their trade to the eastern belt post 1772. When the British moved downstream to three villages - Kolikata, Sutanuti and Gobindapur in 1686, they laid the foundations for one of the largest cities in India. The British went on to unite the three villages and build a massive post their. In 1707, Kolkata was awarded the status of a separate presidency under supervision of the directors of The East India Company. In 1717, Mughal emperor Aurangazeb's grandson Farrukh Siyar granted the Company duty-free trading rights in Bengal for an annual token amount of Rs 3,000. Over the centuries, Kolkata has experienced mutinies and wars, famines and floods, the Partition of Bengal in 1905 and the Bengal famine of 1943, many intellectual writers and artists have been born in Kolkatta. It’s seen the swadeshi movement and Gandhian Philosophy, passionate Marxists, and communists.